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Anne Frank - and the others ....
ImageWhat would it be like to live every single day hiding from people who wanted to kill you?  Never going outside, or playing with your friends, always keeping quiet, terrified of a knock at the door ..... Anne Frank and her family were forced to live like that, hiding from the Nazis in Amsterdam during World War 2.  

Just like Anne, Eva Schloss was born in Austria in 1929.  Eva's family had to move to a new country when she was a child, to escape from people who hated her family just because they were Jewish. You can read more about Anne in the picture story in Issue 14, and watch the story of her time in the Secret Annexe on the brlliant BBC television programme (also available on DVD) about Anne. But of course the best place to read about Anne is in her very own diary. 

But what about Eva and her family?  Well, they went into hiding in Amsterdam, until they were betrayed, and sent to concentration camps. Her father and brother died there. Eva and her mother managed to survive. All of Anne Frank's family - apart from her father Otto - had died in the concentration camps before the war ended.  Later, after they had all been released from the terrible concentration camp, Eva’s mother married Anne’s father, so Otto Frank became Eva’s stepfather. This is a little piece of Eva's story:-

Image"My family left Austria as refugees when I was ten years old. First we went to Belgium, and then to Amsterdam. Anne Frank lived on the Square where we used to play, so of course I knew her. She was just one month younger than me, and her sister Margot was the same age as my brother. When the call-up papers came for my brother, we went into hiding - to save him from being captured by the Nazis. People in the Resistance found us places to hide.

My mother and I lived separately from my brother and our father. But we were all discovered, and sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp. On the way there, in the cattle truck, my father apologised to us. He knew he could do nothing more to protect us. I never saw him or my brother again.

It is so important that we learn lessons from the past. I go to a lot of schools and talk to chidren. I was once a victim of prejudice. I think that especially now we live in such a multicultural environment, it is very, very important that we recognise that we are all individuals, and have respect for each other and get to know and mix with each other.

We must do everything we can to stop this terrible problem of bullying. It is the starting point, but it can become much worse. Another thing I tell people, when I go to schools or to prisons is Don’t Give Up, because it is very important that people work for what they believe is right."

If you would like to read about how Holocaust Memorial Day is marked in Hackney, please click here .

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